US Senate Passes Sweeping Bill to Address China Tech Threat, Authorises $190 Billion for Research


The US Senate voted 68-32 on Tuesday to approve a sweeping bundle of laws meant to spice up the nation’s means to compete with Chinese language know-how.

The will for a tough line in dealings with China is without doubt one of the few bipartisan sentiments within the deeply divided US Congress, which is narrowly managed by President Joe Biden’s fellow Democrats.

The measure authorises about $190 billion (roughly Rs. 13,84,980 crores) for provisions to strengthen US know-how and analysis – and would individually approve spending $54 billion (roughly Rs. 3,93,690 crores) to extend US manufacturing and analysis into semiconductors and telecommunications gear, together with $2 billion (roughly Rs. 14,580 crores) devoted to chips utilized by automakers which have seen huge shortages and made important manufacturing cuts.

The invoice should move the Home of Representatives to be despatched to the White Home for Biden to signal into regulation. It isn’t clear what laws within the Home will appear like or when it would take it up.

The invoice has quite a few different China-related provisions together with prohibiting the social media app TikTok from being downloaded on authorities units, and would block the acquisition of drones manufactured and bought by corporations backed by the Chinese language authorities. It will additionally permit diplomats and Taiwanese army to show their flag and put on their uniforms whereas in the USA on official companies.

It will additionally create broad new necessary sanctions on Chinese language entities engaged in US cyberattacks or theft of US mental property from US companies, and supplies for a assessment of export controls on gadgets that could possibly be used to assist human rights abuses.

Senate Majority Chief Chuck Schumer, a co-sponsor of the measure, warned of the dire penalties of not funding analysis to maintain up with China.

“If we do nothing, our days because the dominant superpower could also be ending. We do not imply to let these days finish on our watch. We do not imply to see America change into a middling nation on this century,” Schumer mentioned.

Biden praised the invoice: “We’re in a contest to win the 21st century, and the beginning gun has gone off … We can’t threat falling behind.”

US Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo has mentioned the funding may lead to seven to 10 new US semiconductor crops.

Many US corporations praised the invoice. Basic Motors Co mentioned the laws “represents an essential step to handle the semiconductor scarcity that continues to influence US automotive manufacturing.”

Some critics have likened the Senate funding effort to China’s high-tech industrial growth push, dubbed “Made in China 2025,” which lengthy irked the USA.

The invoice additionally seeks to counter Beijing’s rising international affect by diplomacy, by working with allies and rising US involvement in worldwide organisations after Republican former President Donald Trump’s “America First” agenda.

Senator Maria Cantwell famous the invoice would authorise NASA spending and its Artemis mission to the Moon.

“As China has made it clear, they will Mars, we’re going again to the Moon to prepared ourselves to go to Mars,” Cantwell mentioned.

© Thomson Reuters 2021

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